### Index I'm organizing this topic by questions that I'd like to answer. The questions that I'm ultimately interested in are: - [[How do people learn?]] - [[How to support learning?]] The above questions are too broad to tackle directly, so I'm trying to answer several intermediate questions first: - [[How to define learning?]] - [[How to measure learning?]] - [[Why does learning matter?]] - [[What are the desired outcomes of learning?]] - [[What are the mechanisms of learning and how do they work?]] - [[What are the different types of learning?]] - [[What perspectives on learning do different academic disciplines provide?]] - [[What is the set of learning principles that multiple disciplines agree and converge on?]] - [[What are the major theories of learning?]] - [[What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for learning?]] - [[What are the most effective learning strategies?]] - [[What are the timescales of learning?]] - [[What are the different levels of analysis (or scale) of learning?]] - [[What are the limits of learning?]] - [[What are common failure modes in learning?]] - [[How much do individuals differ in how they learn?]] - [[How do different environments contribute to learning?]] - [[Who are the world's best learners, and what makes them effective?]] - [[How do AI systems learn? Where does this overlap with versus diverge from how humans learn?]] - [[How to design learning environments to enhance learning?]] %% ### Sub-indices - List lower-level indices here ### Basic concepts %% ### Bibliography Below is a list of sources that I'm referring to throughout the individual notes on this topic. - Adams, E.J., Nguyen, A.T., Cowan, N. (2018): Theories of Working Memory: Differences in Definition, Degree of Modularity, Role of Attention, and Purpose. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch. 2018 Jul 5;49(3):340-355. doi: 10.1044/2018_LSHSS-17-0114. PMID: 29978205; PMCID: PMC6105130. - Anderson, J. R. (1982): Acquisition of Cognitive Skill. Psychological Review 89, no. 4: 369–406. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.89.4.369 - Bargh, J.A., and Schul, Y. (1980). On the cognitive benefits of teaching. Journal of Educational Psychology, 72(5), 593–604. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.72.5.593. - Barron, B., Schwartz, D. L., Vye, N. J., Moore, A., Petrosino, A., Zech, L., & Bransford, J. D. 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